You are currently browsing EDRi's old website. Our new website is available at

If you wish to help EDRI promote digital rights, please consider making a private donation.

Flattr this


EDRi booklets

TTIP - a brief victory of hope over experience

22 May, 2013

This article is also available in:
Deutsch: TTIP – ein flüchtiger Sieg der Hoffnung über die Erfahrung

The European Commission this week started providing some insight into its plans for the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) – in an event in the European Parliament organised by Dutch Liberal MEP, Marietje Schaake and in a “civil society” meeting in the Commission itself.

Both meetings started very promisingly. The Commission explained that it wasn't seeking to harmonise intellectual property legislation in both jurisdictions and said that it would only include such issues where a problem was identified by stakeholders – just a narrow range of issues and only “geographic indicators” have so far been selected. So, great, only identified problems would be addressed. That would be an appropriate, balanced and conservative approach.

This begs an obvious question, however, which we asked the Commission during its “civil society” meeting. If the list of issues to be addressed in the “IPR chapter” is limited and only includes clearly identified problems, will the Commission undertake to publish details of each such problem that is addressed in the final draft? The Commission responded that it would not make such an undertaking, because it could not be expected to provide details of “every single detail” of the agreement tackling intellectual property. Suddenly, we had moved from a narrow, focussed exercise to address a small number of identified problems, to a list of measures that was potentially so long that it would be unreasonable to ask the Commission to explain what problems it was seeking to solve.

The Commission then addressed the issue of enforcement, which was so controversial in ACTA. It said that no domestic enforcement would be addressed but – bizarrely – the agreement will probably include enforcement in third countries. Suddenly, we had moved from a narrow, focussed exercise to address barriers to trade between the EU and US to the setting up a joint EU/US “Team America: World Police” in order to enforce we don't quite know whose law in we don't quite know which country. The big question is whether it will promote or acknowledge privatised enforcement by US companies abroad – as it currently happens via payment providers and Google's global implementation of the Digital Millenium Copyright Act.

At both meetings, the Commission was careful to stress that TTIP was not a “new ACTA”. This too provided five minutes of hope that lessons had been learned and the same old mistakes would not be made again. Then, the discussion turned to transparency and the Commission confirmed that, as things currently stand, the level of transparency would be identical to what was done with ACTA. More bizarrely, the European Parliament's International Trade Committee supports this disastrous model. The text adopted is as follows:

“Recalls the need for pro-active outreach and continuous and transparent engagement by the Commission with a wide range of the stakeholders, including business, environmental, agricultural, consumer, labour and other representatives, throughout the negotiation process, in order to ensure fact-based discussions, build trust in the negotiations, obtain proportionate input from various sides and foster public support by taking stakeholders' concerns into consideration; encourages all stakeholders to actively participate and put forward initiatives and information relevant to the negotiations”

To paraphrase Churchill - never in the history of mankind was so little meaning conveyed by so many words to such little effect...

On a positive note, at the Commission “civil society” meeting, officials broke their long-standing rule and commented on a leaked document. The leaked draft mandate refers, in the context of the cost of legislation, to the need to “otherwise achieve legitimate regulatory objectives”. This sounds very much like the kind of privatised enforcement proposed in ACTA and blind support for “self-regulatory” measures that replace legislation (and democratic scrutiny). The Commission's response was clear that “cooperative enforcement” and other forms of “self-regulation” are indeed what is meant by this text. The inclusion of “investor-state” measures in the mandate also adds a further level of corporate power to the initiative (see FFII link below).

Citizen groups at the event were heavily outnumbered by other parts of what the European Commission apparently considers to be “civil society”. Groups understood to be “civil society” by the European Commission in this context include the European Patent Office, the Transatlantic Business Council, the International Federation of the Phonographic Industry, the German Chemical Industry Association, the Confederation of British Industry, the Confederation of European Community Cigarette Manufacturers and Eurocommerce.

The plan is to finish the negotiations at the end of the current session of the European Parliament and the current mandate of the European Commission. Therefore, a vote on approval of TTIP is likely to take place at the beginning of the new session of Parliament – a safe distance from the next elections.

“Civil Society” meeting participants (17.05.2013)

Leaked EU Mandate (12.03.2013)

Investor-state relations: ACTA is back, completed with investment protections (10.07.2012)

(Contribution by Joe McNamee - EDRi)



Syndicate contentCreative Commons License

With financial support from the EU's Fundamental Rights and Citizenship Programme.
eu logo